How the 12 Disciples Died

How the 12 Disciples Died

Jesus forewarned his disciples about future persecutions and not to fear death. All 11 disciples would later face persecution and all, but one of them, martyrdom. This is how Christian history and tradition has recorded their deaths:

  • Peter: Crucified upside down on a cross in Rome in 68AD.
  • James (son of Zebedee): Executed by Herod Agrippa in 44AD.
  • John (son of Zebedee): The only disciple to live out his life but died in prison on the Isle of Patmos in 95AD.
  • Andrew: Crucified at Patrae in Achaia at an unknown date.
  • Philip: Tortured and crucified in Phrygia in 54AD.
  • Bartholomew: Crucified for not denying his faith in 70AD.
  • Matthew: Beheaded at Nad-Davar in approx. 65AD.
  • Thomas: Burned alive for his testimony in 70AD.
  • James (son of Alphaeus): Cast off the temple in Jerusalem and beaten to death for not denying the resurrection in 63AD.
  • Simon the Zealot: Executed in Syria in approx. 74AD.
  • Judas Thaddeus: Beaten to death in Mesopotamia in 72AD.
  • Judas: Hanged himself in Jerusalem in 33AD

What Did It Mean To Be Ritually Unclean?

Being ritually unclean was a normal part of Jewish life. Things that would make a person unclean included coming into contact with a dead animal, certain moulds, a woman’s monthly cycle, childbirth, entering the house of a Gentile, eating certain foods, leprosy, or touching a dead person. Being ritually unclean was not a sin, but it did prevent that person from participating in certain ceremonies.
It was the responsibility of the unclean person to return to ritual purity as soon as possible. There were different states of ritual impurity that required different treatments. Most impurities simply required the person to separate themselves for a time and then wash themselves in water while some states of uncleanness required the presentation of an atoning sacrifice.